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PAST COUNTINOUS TENSE

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  • Past Countinous Tense

Adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk kejadian atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung/ terjadi di masa lampau.

  • Pattern (rumus) :

A. Verbal (kata kerja)

(+)       S + Tobe + Ving + O + Keterangan

(-)        S + Tobe + Not + Ving + O + Keterangan

(?)        Tobe + S + Ving + O + Keterangan

Contoh :

(+)       You were reading news paper yesterday

(-)        You were not reading news paper yesterday

(?)        Were you reading news paper yesterday?

Yes, I was         No, I was not

(+)       She was writing letter in the class room

(-)        She was  not writing letter in the class room

(?)        Was she writing letter in the class room?

Yes, she was        No, she was not

B. Non Verbal

Dibedakan menjadi 3, yaitu :

a. Adjective (kata sifat)

(+)       S + Tobe + Being + Adjective

(-)        S + Tobe + Not + Being + Adjective

(?)        Tobe + S + Being + Adjective

Contoh :

(+)       My father  was being funny

(-)        My father was not being funny

(?)        Was My father being funny?

Yes, He was        No, He was not

(+)       They were being busy

(-)        They were not being busy

(?)        Were They being busy?

Yes, They were   No, They were not

b. Noun (kata benda yang berwujud profesi)

(+)       S + Tobe + Being + Noun

(-)        S + Tobe + Not + Being + Noun

(?)        Tobe + S + Being + Noun

Contoh :

(+)       Your mother was being  a teacher

(-)        Your mother was not being a teacher

(?)        Was your mother being a teacher?

Yes, she is        No, She is not

(+)       My boy friend was being a doctor

(-)        My boy friend was not being a doctor

(?)        Was My boy friend being a doctor?

Yes, He was        No, He was not

c. Adverb (kata keterangan)

Dibedakan menjadi 4 :

1. Adverb of place ( keterangan tempat)

Kata keterangan tempat biasanya di awali dengan Preposition (kata depan) yaitu : In, On, Beside, Behind, At, To, Top, Over, Above, Below, Under, Under, In front of, Back, Opposite, Corner, Middle, Side, dll.

2. Adverb of time ( keterangan waktu)

Kata keterangan waktu yaitu : Second, minute, Hour, Day, Week, Month, Year.

– Adverb of frequency (keterangan frekuensi)

Kata keterangan Frekuensi yaitu : Always, Usually, Sometimes, Seldom, Rarely, Generally, Often, dll.

– Adverb of manner (keterangan cara)

kata sifat yang ditambah akhiran ly, yang artinya “ dengan …”

contoh : fastly → dengan cepat

carefully → dengan hati-hati

(+)       S + Tobe + Being + Adverb

(-)        S + Tobe + Not + Being + Adverb

(?)        Tobe + S + Being + Adverb

Contoh :

(+)       They were being in the class room

(-)        They were not being in the class room

(?)        Were they being in the class room?

Yes, They were   No, They were not

(+)       He was being on the tree

(-)        He was not being on the tree

(?)        Was he being on the tree?

Yes, He was        No, he was not

Note :

  • Tobe Past : Was, Were

Tobe “Was” untuk subjek → I, He, She, It

Tobe “Were” untuk subjek → You, They, We

  • Time Signal (tanda waktu) : Yesterday, last …(week, month, year, century), …………ago (two days ago, ten minutes ago, three months ago), the day before yesterday, dll.

Juli 20, 2009 - Posted by | JURUS CEPAT BELAJAR TENSES BAHASA INGGRIS |

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